The Duryea Motor Wagon Company gets credit for being the first American gasoline powered vehicle company. Formed in 1895 in Springfield , Massachusetts by brothers Charles & Frank Duryea, the company hand built 13 identical units by the end of 1896. The brothers had a falling out and the company was dissolved in 1898.
Earlier gasoline power vehicles had been built by Duryea and others, but all were considered one of a kind and the 1896 Duryea's were the first vehicles that had been built in a series model.
Of the 13 original automobiles manufactured only one survives, (#3 of the series) which is on display at the Henry Ford Museum.
Internal combustion engine located under seat.
Steering tiller operates clutch and gears.
Weight of vehicle: 700 lbs.
Gasoline tank: 8 gallons.
Transmission: 3-speed belt drive transmission.
Top speed 20 m.p.h., 3 m.p.h. in reverse. (According to product literature of the time.)
Wheelbase: 60" - Diameter of wheels: 34" front and 38" rear. - 2 1/2" pneumatic tires. - Tread: 52"
Height: 59" Length: 94"
Original Price: $1000 - $2000
The museum's Duryea model sold for $1500 in 1896, which would be equivalent to $40,734.18 in 2012 dollars.
In-line 2 cylinder engine (mounted horizontally), water-cooled. No radiator.
Stroke: 5 1/2"
Displacement: 138 cu. in.
Used regular stove gasoline.
The price of gasoline in 1896 was 5 to 6 cents a gallon, which would be $1.36 - $1.63 in 2012 standards.